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Robert of Normandy Comte d'Evreux, Archbishop of RouenAge: 72 years9651037

Name
Robert of Normandy Comte d'Evreux, Archbishop of Rouen
Given names
Robert
Surname
of Normandy
Name suffix
Comte d'Evreux, Archbishop of Rouen

Robert II “the Dane” Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Évreux

Name
Robert II “the Dane” Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Évreux
Given names
Robert II
Nickname
the Dane
Name suffix
Archbishop of Rouen, Count of Évreux
Birth estimated 965 31 29

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
MarriageHerleve View this family
yes

Death of a fatherRichard I “the Fearless” Duke of Normandy
November 20, 996 (Age 31 years)
Death of a sisterMatilda of Normandy
before 1005 (Age 40 years)

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S01362] Europäische Stammtafeln, Band II, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von. Tafel 42 [S02114] Henry Project , Baldwin, Stewart.
Birth of a son
#1
Richard Comte d'Evreux
estimated 1005 (Age 40 years)

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
Death of a brotherRichard II “the Good” Duke of Normandy
August 28, 1027 (Age 62 years)
Death of a motherGunnora
1031 (Age 66 years)

Death 1037 (Age 72 years)

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
Robert of Normandy Comte d'Evreux, Archbishop of Rouen is great ×27 grandfather of Hendrikus van Doorn.
Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage:
elder brother
2 years
himself
sister
Family with Herleve - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage:
son

BirthGenealogics - Leo van de Pas
Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
DeathGenealogics - Leo van de Pas
Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
SourceGenealogics - Leo van de Pas
Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
[S00121] Les seize quartiers des Reines et Imperatrices Francaises, 1977, Saillot, Jacques. 183
Note: Extensive source. Uses many important and established sources, such as:
SourceWikipedia
SourceFoundation for Medieval Genealogy
Publication: http://fmg.ac/
Text:
ROBERT, son of RICHARD I Comte [de Normandie] & his second wife Gunnora (-1037). Guillaume of Jumièges names “Richardum...et Robertum atque Malgerium aliosque duos” as the sons of Richard and his wife “Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam”[643]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Robertus archiepiscopus Rothomagensis" as brother of "dux Normannie Richardus II"[644]. He is named as brother of Richard II Duke of Normandy by Orderic Vitalis[645]. Robert of Torigny names "Ricardum…qui ei successit et Robertum postea archiepiscopum Rothomagensium et Malgerium comitem Curbuliensem, aliosque duos" as the sons of "Ricardi primi ducis Normanniæ" & Gunnora[646]. Comte d'Evreux. Archbishop of Rouen 989, after his parents married to legitimise him to regularise his appointment[647]. An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou, by charter dated [13 Apr/4 Apr] 1012, is subscribed by "Richardus…filius Ricardi principi magni…Robertus archiepiscopus…ecclesie Rotomagensis et Vuillelmus et Malgerus fratres Richardi comitis…"[648]. Guillaume of Jumièges records the succession of Robert after the death of his brother, his siege of “Ebroicum...urbem” due to his enmity for “Robertum archipræsulum” who fled to “Robertum regem Francorum” before being reconciled with Duke Robert[649]. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1037 of "Robertus…archiepiscopus Rothomagensis"[650]. m HERLEVA, daughter of ---. She is called "a wife named Herleve" whom the bishop took "in his capacity as count" by Orderic Vitalis[651]. Orderic Vitalis, in another passage, says that "the practice of celibacy among the clergy was so relaxed that not only priests but even bishops freely shared their beds with concubines and openly boasted of their numerous progeny"[652]. Chibnall mentions that clerical marriage was formally prohibited in Normandy in the 1064 Council of Lisieux[653]. Ambivalence towards the marriage of senior members of the clergy in early medieval times is discussed by Taglia[654]. The author highlights the uncertainty existing before the 12th century regarding the regularity of such marriages, and the legitimacy of any children produced, the position remaining unclear until the ecumenical councils of Lateran I (1123) and Lateran II (1139) which ruled that the major holy orders were an impediment to marriage. Robert & his wife had three children
Note
BIOGRAPHY Robert was the son of Richard I 'the Fearless', duke of Normandy, and his second wife Gunnor. He was a younger brother of Duke Richard II 'the Good', and uncle of Duke Robert 'the Devil'. He was archbishop of Rouen (989 to 1037), to which at the time his marriage was not an impediment, and also count of Evreux. With his wife Herleve of Rouen, Robert had at least four children of whom Richard and Guillaume would have progeny. In the 990s Robert plotted to cause the overthrow of the Capetians from the throne they had very recently obtained. The early years as Duke for Robert 'the Devil' were turbulent; his elder brother Richard III had died suddenly after a year of ruling the duchy, and Robert was naturally accused of fratricide. Archbishop Robert evidently believed it, and Duke Robert laid siege to him at Evreux, forcing him into exile, whereupon the archbishop laid all of Normandy under an interdict. For several years conditions worsened, with even Alain III, duc de Bretagne, joining in the attack on the duke. But by 1031, 'the situation had been largely retrieved, and the chief agent in effecting the recovery was the metropolitan archbishop of Rouen.' Archbishop Robert was always closely involved in the government of the duchy. Without him, Duke Robert would never have been able to rule. His uncle's support was essential. Archbishop Robert was recalled from exile and the stabilisation of Normandy began. A reconciliation took place, and the interdict was lifted. The war with Brittany was ended by his mediation. From this time until his death in 1037 he was the dominant political influence in the duchy of Normandy. For two years all was peaceful enough. But the death of Archbishop Robert on 16 March 1037 ended the stability of the duchy. The relatives of Robert 'the Devil', who had died in 1035, sought to remove Robert's son William the Bastard, the future William the Conqueror, resulting in the long anarchy of William's minority.
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