van Doorn family tree

William I

William I “the crazy” Count of HollandAge: 54 years11681222

Name
William I “the crazy” Count of Holland
Given names
William I
Nickname
the crazy
Name suffix
Count of Holland

Willem I “de Gek” van Holland

Name
Willem I “de Gek” van Holland
Given names
Willem I
Nickname
de Gek
Surname
van Holland
Birth about 1168 28 28

MarriageView this family
yes

Birth of a son
#1
Otto van Holland Bishop of Utrecht Regent in Holland

Birth of a son
#2
Willem van Holland Regent of Holland 1234-1238

Birth of a daughter
#3
Richardis van Holland

Birth of a daughter
#4
Ada van Holland

Death of a paternal grandmotherSophia von Rheineck
September 26, 1176 (Age 8 years)
Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
Genealogie der Graven van Holland, Zaltbommel, 1969 , Dek, Dr. A. W. E., Reference: 13
Death of a maternal grandmotherAda de Warrene
1178 (Age 10 years)

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
~Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973 , Reference: page 314.
Death of a fatherFloris III Count of Holland
August 1, 1190 (Age 22 years)
Note: Antakya is Antiochië in Dutch
MarriageAleid van GelreView this family
1197 (Age 29 years)
Birth of a daughter
#5
[Jutta] van [Holland]
between 1200 and 1208 (Age 32 years)

Death of a brotherDirk VII van Holland
November 4, 1203 (Age 35 years)

Death of a motherAleida of Scotland
1204 (Age 36 years)

Birth of a son
#6
Floris IV Count of Holland
June 24, 1210 (Age 42 years)

Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
Genealogie der Graven van Holland, Zaltbommel, 1969 , Dek, Dr. A. W. E., Reference: page 16.
Death of a wifeAleid van Gelre
February 12, 1218 (Age 50 years)

Marriage of a childNicolaus “Claes” van Borssele[Jutta] van [Holland]View this family
about 1220 (Age 52 years)

MarriageMarie van BrabantView this family
1220 (Age 52 years)

Occupation
Crusader

Death February 4, 1222 (Age 54 years)

Burial
Note: In de Abdij van Rijnsburg
William I “the crazy” Count of Holland is great ×20 grandfather of Private.
Family with parents - View this family
Aleida of Scotland is fifth cousin of Floris III Count of Holland.
(Common ancestors: Ezzo Pfalzgraf von Lothringen & Mathilde von Sachsen)
father
mother
Marriage: August 28, 1162
6 years
himself
brother
Family with Aleid van Gelre - View this family
Aleid van Gelre is fifth cousin twice removed descending of William I “the crazy” Count of Holland.
(Common ancestors: Mieszko II Lambert King of Poland & Richeza de Lorraine)
himself
wife
Marriage: 1197Stavoren, Friesland, Netherlands
son
son
daughter
daughter
son
Family with - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage:
daughter
Family with Marie van Brabant - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: 1220

SourceGens Nostra 1990
Citation details: 376, 377
SourceGenealogics - Leo van de Pas
Publication: http://genealogics.org
Text:
Genealogie der Graven van Holland, Zaltbommel, 1969 , Dek, Dr. A. W. E., Reference: page 15.
Note: Extensive source. Uses many important and established sources, such as:
SourceWikipedia
Burial
In de Abdij van Rijnsburg
Note
15/150. Willem I van Holland (vernoemd naar de broer van zijn moeder, de Schotse koning William the Lyon), geb. ca. 1168, groeit waarschijnlijk op in Engeland en Schotland en neemt van daar uit deel aan de Derde Kruistocht (1189), ook nadat hij zijn vader in Antiochië heeft begraven; keert pas in 1195 naar Holland terug, waar hij door zijn broer (Dirk VII) wordt uitgesloten van opvolging, en met steun van de Westfriezen een strijd begint; wordt na verzoening belast met het Utrechts-Hollands condominium over Midden-Friesland met als titel 'graaf van Oostergo, van Westergo en in Staveren'; keert tijdens de ziekte van Dirk VII (overl. 4-11-1203) naar Holland terug, wordt daar geweerd door zijn schoonzuster, haar dochter Ada en haar schoonzoon graaf Lodewijk II van Loon; maakt zich in een burgeroorlog (welke nog voortgezet wordt tot 1207/08) echter meester van de macht in Holland en Zeeland, waar hij in de loop van zijn regering tal van waterstaatkundige werken tot stand brengt; wordt met Holland beleend door keizer Otto IV Nijmegen 13-1-1213 en neemt aan de Welfisch- Engelse zijde deel aan de slag bij Bouvines 27-7-1214, vertrekt om aan een nieuw proces van Ada en Lodewijk van Loon te ontkomen op kruistocht 29-5-1217; strijdt in Portugal en mogelijk bij de inname van Damiate (6-11-1219); bezoekt op de terugreis de hofdag te Mainz van Frederik II april 1220, met wie hij goede betrekkingen aanknoopt; verkrijgt bij zijn tweede huwelijk (met Maria van Brabant, weduwe van keizer Otto IV) het toen Brabantse deel van het eiland Tholen juli 1220, overl. 4-2-1222, begr. Rijnsburg, tr. (1) Staveren 1197 Aleida van Gelre, geb. ca. 1187, overl. 12-2-1218, begr. Rijnsburg, dr. van Otto I graaf van Gelre en Zutphen, en Richardis van Scheyern-Wittelsbach.
Note
Willem was born about 1170, the second son of Floris III, Count of Holland, and Aleida of Scotland. When his father died on crusade in 1190 he was succeeded by his eldest son Dirk VII. Willem, who was raised in Scotland, started a revolt against his brother Dirk. After a reconciliation he became count in Friesland, which was considered a part of Holland by the counts of Holland. In 1198 Willem married Aleida van Gelre, daughter of Otto I, Count of Gelre and Richardis von Scheyern-Wittelsbach. He and Aleida had five children, of who two sons, Floris IV and Otto, had progeny. On the death of Dirk VII in 1203, his daughter Ada, Willem's niece, inherited the county of Holland in her own right. In November of that year she married Lodewijk II, Count of Loon, to strengthen her position. Willem did not accept her right to the county, and civil war broke out. Willem had the support of the population who resented a woman as their lord, especially when she had apparently so callously married a foreigner when her father had just died. Lodewijk and Ada were supported by the bishops of Liege and Utrecht and the count of Flanders. Willem had the support of the duke of Brabant and the majority of Hollanders. Ada was quickly captured by Willem's supporters and taken to the citadel of Leiden. She was later taken to England. Lodewijk managed to win Ada's freedom in 1207, but she had to accept the loss of her county in exchange. Ada and Lodewijk did not keep their promise and continued the fight. The civil war in Holland became part of a major international war between France and the Hohenstaufen dynasty on one side and England and the Welf dynasty on the other. Willem managed to gain the county of Holland through clever manoeuvring between the two sides, and Lodewijk and Ada had to surrender their claims to it. Willem first became an ally of King John of England. The Welf Emperor Otto IV had acknowledged Willem as count of Holland in 1203, as he was a supporter of the Welfs. However he and many others changed allegiance to the Hohenstaufen Emperor Friedrich II after the coalition of John and Emperor Otto IV was defeated by the French under Philippe II Augustus at the battle of Bouvines on 27 July 1214. Willem took part in a French expedition against King John, who understandably did not approve of this and reminded the pope of Lodewijk's rights to the county of Holland, asking for these rights to be endorsed. The pope obligingly placed the Church's ban on Willem, forbidding him to attend church or even take part in any kind of church service. Possibly to release himself from this ban, Willem became a fervent crusader. He campaigned in Prussia and joined the conquest of Lisbon. In Europe he was called Willem 'the Crazy' for his chivalric behaviour. He was involved in the siege of the city of Damietta in Egypt during the Fifth Crusade. There was an enormous change in the landscape of Holland in the end of the 12th and during the 13th century. Many colonists bought land to turn the swamps into polders. Most of the swamps had been sold, and irrigation had started during Willem's reign. Huge infrastructure projects were undertaken. Dikes were constructed around the island of Grote Waard, and a dam was built at Spaarndam. New constitutional bodies were created, the 'waterschappen, and 'hoogheemraadschappen', which were meant to protect the polders against the sea. Willem encouraged trade by giving city rights to Middelburg, Dordrecht, Geertruidenberg and possibly also to Leiden. Willem's first wife Aleida died in 1218, and in 1220 he married Maria of Brabant, daughter of Hendrik I, Duke of Brabant and Mathilde de Boulogne. There was no issue from this marriage. Willem died on 12 February 1222, and was succeeded by his son Floris IV.
Media objectWilliam IWilliam I
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 453 × 801 pixels
File size: 276 KB
Media objectWilliam IWilliam I
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 116 × 154 pixels
File size: 14 KB